Cannabidiol (CBD) is a chemical compound found in the cannabis plant. However, CBD is not the same thing as marijuana. Unlike the more well-known THC, CBD does not have any psychoactive effects. Cannabidiol is one of at least 85 active cannabinoids identified in cannabis. It is a major phytocannabinoid, accounting for up to 40% of the plant’s extract. Cannabidiol (CBD) oil is a natural, non-psychoactive concentrate extracted from hemp.
CBD is considered to have a wide scope of potential medical applications – due to clinical reports showing the lack of side effects, particularly a lack of psychoactivity (as is typically associated with ∆9-THC), and non-interference with several psychomotor learning and psychological functions. This means that it will not get you high. CBD oil is made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant, then diluting it with a carrier oil like coconut or hemp seed oil.
CBD Oil: Benefits, Uses, Side Effects
Cannabidiol (CBD) oil is made from the Cannabidiasis plant and has been used for thousands of years to treat various conditions. CBD is thought to interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system. This system is involved in regulating a variety of functions, including sleep, appetite, pain, and immunity. Cannabidiol oil is available in various forms including tinctures, capsules, concentrates, and topical oils. Cannabidiol can also be taken in the form of a gummy or chocolate. You can buy CBD juices, creams, oils, vape pens, candies, and even dog treats. It’s often billed as a natural cure for a wide variety of health issues.
CBD has been shown to offer a wide range of potential health benefits. These include:
- relieving pain and inflammation
- reducing anxiety and depression
- helping to improve sleep
- reducing the risk of seizures in people with epilepsy
- fighting cancer
As CBD has gained popularity, researchers have been trying to study it more. A 2013 study published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology found that CBD protects against the vascular damage caused by a high glucose environment, inflammation, or the induction of type 2 diabetes in animal models; and shows promise as an alternative treatment for atherosclerosis. Cannabinoids also prevent blood vessel formation (angiogenesis) by inhibiting endothelial cell migration and proliferation, and by inducing apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells. Cannabinoids may also increase the permeability of the endothelium, which in turn could reduce the edema (swelling) associated with inflammatory diseases such as arthritis.
One study showed that CBD treatment reduced the mortality rate from cerebral infarction (stroke) by 56%, with the rats treated being significantly more likely to survive than the control group. Cannabinoids also promote neuronal regeneration after traumatic brain injury.
A 2006 study found that CBD treatment significantly reduced the incidence of diabetes in non-obese diabetic mice from 16.4% to 6%. Cannabinoids also inhibit tumor growth by inducing cell death, inhibiting cell growth, and by controlling tumor cell invasion. Cannabinoids are able to act on the endocannabinoid system by binding to cannabinoid receptors in the body.
Cannabidiol (CBD): Side Effects
CBD is generally well-tolerated, with a few common side effects such as drowsiness and dry mouth. It is important to note that CBD can interact with other medications, so it is important to talk to your doctor before taking it. CBD has been shown to offer a variety of health benefits, including reducing anxiety, pain relief, and improving sleep. However, like all supplements, it can also have some side effects.
The most common side effects of CBD include:
- Dry mouth: Cannabidiol can cause a decrease in saliva production, which can lead to dry mouth.
- Diarrhea: Cannabidiol may cause diarrhea, especially when taken in large doses.
- Fatigue: Cannabidiol may cause fatigue or drowsiness, especially when taken in large doses.
- Changes in appetite: Cannabidiol may cause an increase or decrease in appetite.
- Anxiety: Cannabidiol may cause anxiety, especially at high doses.
- Nausea: Cannabidiol may cause nausea and vomiting, especially when taken in large doses.
If you experience any of these side effects, stop taking Cannabidiol and consult your doctor. Cannabidiol is generally safe and well-tolerated, but it is always important to consult with a medical professional before starting any new supplement.
To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD. If you are interested in trying CBD, it is important to do your research and choose a reputable product. Look for products that are third-party tested and made from high-quality ingredients. Avoid products that contain additives or are made from low-quality cannabis.